Climate change has complex effects on the biophysical processes that support agricultural systems, with both negative and positive consequences in different EU regions. Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration, higher temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, and the frequency of extreme events are already influencing crop yields and livestock productivity in Europe, as well as water availability needed for irrigation and livestock, the processing of agricultural products, and transport and storage conditions. This issue is intensified in the Mediterranean region, where the negative impact of extreme events on agriculture is expected to increase. Farmers must adapt to the challenges of climate change and carry out mitigation and adaptation efforts.
CEIGRAM researchers make their experience in designing adaptation systems for climate variability and climate change available to the public administration and the private sector as well as the management of associated uncertainties and greenhouse gas mitigation tools.